Our roofs also reveal the regional diversity of our beautiful country. There are around 150 models of roof tiles in France and more than 200 different colors depending on the history of the region, its climate and its clay resources.
Nord-Pas-de-Calais: priority in bright colors
The colors are more vivid than elsewhere, as is the habitat. The tiles have a very artisanal, aged appearance, with significant roughness and texture. The top is smooth or sanded to give more or less relief and richness to the palette of colors. The historic colors are red and amaranth (Bordeaux red).
Ile-de-France and Center: roofing of cities and roofing of fields
There are traditional flat tiles in the countryside (deep red clay in the Chevreuse valley, ocher and aged browns in Vexin, white in the Seine valley, smoked or slate in Brie) and small or interlocking tiles. large mold for millstones characteristic of areas urbanized at the beginning of the XXth century. More recently, flat-style interlocking tiles have been developed in Brie and Beauce, with many black and slate colors more contemporary.
Normandy: the flat tile forged the landscape
Hand-molded and cooked over a wood fire until the end of the 19th century, the flat tiles took on pale pink hues in the Pays d'Auge, red or brown in the Perche or the Caen plain. Since the advent of industrial tileries and the railroad in the 19th century, the appearance of roofs has changed. The most common tiles are rectangular and about 30 cm by 1.2 cm thick. The colors range from pink and ocher to brown through orange, flamed and ash. We sometimes mix colors on the same roof.
East: incredible diversity
The east of France is a historically very important tile region thanks to its clay soil. With the exception of one or two regions, most eastern roofs have adapted the flat tile and more recently the large mold interlocking tile. The colors are extremely varied and there is no hesitation in creating color patterns, a sign of recognition of the roofer, as in Burgundy where there are multicolored glazed tiles. In Alsace, flat tiles with scales (with a round end in the shape of a fish scale) are typical.
Vendée and Poitou-Charentes: flatter roofs in large mold canal
Almost everywhere without north of Poitiers, the channel tile and the strongly curved interlocking tile prevails, while the roofs have a very slight slope. Variations in color or arrangement of tiles bring diversity to the landscape.
Auvergne and Limousin: flat roof tiles take precedence over lauze
If the tradition of lauze roofs still perpetuated on old buildings, the flat tile now covers a large part of northern Auvergne. In Lower Auvergne, on the other hand, the roof tile is the only material used.
Rhône-Alpes: great diversity
The north of the region is drained by flat tiles with rich hues. Then towards Lyon, the tiles are more curved and red. In Grenoble, the tiles are interlocking and slightly curved and the shades darker until black.
Southwest: generous shapes
There are mostly channel tiles. Certain regions such as Béarn, Lot or Dordogne, however, have maintained a tradition of flat tiles in formats specific to the South. Overall, the channel tiles have generous shapes and sunny colors.
Southeast: round curves and shades of color
The traditional tiles, channel 50, give way to Roman mechanical tiles, easier to install and lighter, while respecting the traditional colors. These vary from one city to another but are generally part of a shades of ocher and roses. To learn more or to know the manufacturers: www.fftb.org