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Clean, harvest the last summer vegetables and fruits, trim the shrubs, protect from the cold and frost ... Here are some examples of things to do in the garden when fall arrives! In order not to forget anything, we have put together a To Do List special for the autumn garden. There is no more…
1. Plants and flowers: plant and maintain
© Photo Lauren Ferstl on Unsplash While summer gives way to autumn, the colorful garden gives way to a more sober (but no less poetic) landscape. However, you can still enjoy late flowering by replanting fall flowers. Among them are wallflowers, dahlias, eupatories, asters, pansies and many others. What prolong the pleasure longer ... At least, before winter and the first frosts! It is also an opportunity to divide the perennials of spring if you want to multiply your plants. To anticipate the next spring, you can also plant biennials. Ideally planted at the end of summer, they will bloom the following year. To name just a few: roses, poet's carnations, forget-me-nots… When it comes to maintenance, you must cut the wilted flowers regularly. In the same way, consider taking care of your plants and flowers prone to diseases. This is often the case with roses whose task is to prune the most damaged parts that have lost their leaves. This will allow them to start again! Finally, you must anticipate the cold and the frosts of winter by protecting your most sensitive plants at the end of autumn. Potted plants and planters can find refuge in a greenhouse or near the south-facing facade of your house. If none of the solutions is possible, store them indoors in a rather cool room. As for shrubs in the ground and massive, you can protect them from frost by dressing them with a winter veil. You can also install a thick mulch (which you can make using dead leaves and other plant residues) at the foot of the shrubs.
2. Vegetable garden: store, plant and protect
© Photo Markus Spiske on Unsplash In the vegetable patch, this is not the ideal season for harvesting. However, some vegetables persist and crops can still be generous! Here are the main things to do in the vegetable patch: * Store the harvested vegetables and fruits. Use crates or crates and store them in a dry place. * Enrich the soil using fertilizer or manure to nourish the soil. Also remember to plow the land! * Replant to enjoy your vegetable garden the following year. It's time to sow peas, spinach, beans, cabbage, garlic, shallots ... Good to know: it is better to alternate your plantings and vary the locations to avoid the risk of disease. * Take the opportunity to remove all the weeds and to hoe the soil. And above all, reduce the frequency of watering! * Finally, you must protect more resistant crops such as carrots, leeks or even turnips. To keep them until the end of autumn, you just need to mulch them. As for salads, you can simply install a protective veil.
3. Trees and shrubs: prune and plant
© Photo Nathan Hulsey on Unsplash To start, you need to cut your shrubs and bushes. When the leaves start to turn yellow and the branches weaken, this is the signal to prune them. In general, it is recommended to cut a shrub about a quarter of its size. But it all depends on its variety, so find out before you start. Remember to also trim your hedges to prevent moisture from rotting them. We talked about the vegetable patch, plants, shrubs and flowers but when is it from the Orchard? Fruit and tree lovers will be delighted to learn that autumn is the perfect time (in November more precisely) to plant fruit trees! Remember to enrich your soil with manure enough and to respect the distances necessary for the development of your tree. Allow about 12 meters for a walnut tree and about 6 to 8 meters for smaller fruit trees like cherry and apple trees!
What about the grass?
© Anatolia Dreams When autumn sets in, the leaves invade the lawn. Although they contribute to the poetic atmosphere of this season, they prevent the grass from breathing. Not only does the lawn lack light, but the accumulation of leaves will create moss and patches of dry grass. For all these reasons, it is in your interest to collect dead leaves regularly. If you plan to sow lawn, September is the month to choose. As for November, it is advisable to mow your lawn one last time before winter. The right idea? All the leaves you collect and all the other plant residues can be reused in mulching at the foot of shrubs and clumps or to create compost! Be sure to sort the leaves to avoid putting a leaf contaminated by a disease in your compost!