Installing a chicken coop in a garden is synonymous with returning to ecological sources. But before getting started, there are several things to know.
Are there any regulations on chicken coops?
There is no law prohibiting having chickens. But for their well-being, it is recommended to raise them in a garden. It should be noted, however, that a hen house of more than 20 m² requires a building permit and that the possession of 50 hens older than 30 days is assimilated to an agricultural operation which must be declared.
Where to place the chicken coop?
The chicken coop should be placed in a sheltered spot in the garden, on the lawn or on wood shavings. The hen is very sensitive. It therefore needs to protect itself from temperature changes, but also from predators in the case of installation in an unfenced garden.
How many hens in my chicken coop?
At least two because the hens don't like to feel alone. It is advisable to favor hens of different ages because this will alternate between laying and will avoid overproduction of eggs. Good to know: a hen lives on average between 4 and 5 years.
How often does a hen spawn?
A hen generally lays one egg per day and rests for one day every 3 or 4 eggs. But this can vary depending on the breed.
What layout should be planned for the chicken coop?
It is necessary to provide a nest per hen, a manger, a waterer, a perch and a nesting box. Hens like to roll in the dust. It is therefore necessary to provide them with a small corner of ash or sand where they can frolic.
How to maintain my chicken coop?
It takes at least one cleaning of the chicken coop per month. We change the nest litter and we clean the floor with a squeegee.
How should I care for my hens?
On a daily basis, you must ensure that the feeder and the waterer are constantly filled. Don't forget to collect the eggs. Regular collection will prevent them from spoiling and will discourage hens from brooding. Every week, check that the straw, hay or shavings in the incubator are clean and renewed, and that the droppings drawer does not overflow. The well-being of the entire chicken coop is at stake.
How to feed my hens?
An adult hen eats 120 grams of seeds every day and drinks up to a liter of water in summer. The first sign of dehydration is the decrease in egg production. To vary the seeds, it is possible to give them occasional pasta, cakes, rice, corn or lettuce. But above all, no salted crisps, and even less meat.
How do hens behave on a daily basis?
Each chicken coop has a hierarchy which is established early and changes when a new hen is introduced. This ritual can be brutal, but order is quickly restored. It is recommended not to intervene, unless a hen is excluded from the feeder or waterer. In this case, do not hesitate to put additional water and food away from the main source.
How do you recognize a healthy hen?
Its crest is pretty and firm. She is bright red when she is about to lay. Her eyes are buttoned and shiny. Its scales on the legs and feet are smooth and not raised.
Where to buy a chicken coop?
In garden centers or LISA (agricultural self-service). Jardiland offers some very well designed for individuals.